Bone density measurement at RADIOLOGIE-EINS in Berlin-Zehlendorf
Mon-Fri · 08.00-18.30
Saturday · 09.00-12.00
030-810 037 33
Clayallee 225 A, 14195 Berlin, Germany
(For private patients and self-pay patients only)
Soft, with low radiation
The practice RADIOLOGIE-EINS in Berlin-Zehlendorf uses a special X-ray technique (DXA method) for bone density measurement which requires very little X-ray radiation to determine the mineral content of the bones. The dose of radiation administered during an examination is comparable to the dose each person receives during the course of a week as natural radiation. In this procedure, two energy beams are sent through the lumbar spine and the femoral neck. The bone density for the two measurement sites can be calculated from the amount of radiation that passes through the bone. At present, the DXA method is the only method recognized by both the World Health Organization WHO and the German Society for Osteology for the early diagnosis of osteoporosis before its characteristic complications occur.
Why measure bone density?
Bone density measurement (osteodensitometry) determines the lime salt content or density of the bones. The DXA measurement allows conclusions about bone quality and fracture strength and enables our specialists at RADIOLOGIE-EINS in Berlin-Zehlendorf to assess the risk of bone loss (osteoporosis). Even if you already suffer from osteoporosis, the procedure can be used very well to monitor the course of the disease. Bone density is measured mainly at the lumbar spine and femoral neck. For most patients an annual or biennial examination is sufficient. Bone density measurement is non-invasive and completely painless. The examination itself takes about 10 to 20 minutes.
Who should have their bone density measured?
Bone density measurement is important, e.g. for women in menopause, men over 50, but also for people with malnutrition and vitamin deficiency. Certain diseases such as hyperthyroidism, chronic back pain, diabetes or medication (corticoids) can also promote the loss of bone substance - bone density measurement can be instructive for affected patients.
What is osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis (bone loss) is a gradual onset and is one of the ten most common diseases in the world. In Germany, about eight million people suffer from the disease - women in particular are affected. Changes in metabolism make the bones porous over the course of life - the strength of the bones decreases. In a healthy bone, the so-called microarchitecture, consisting of bone balls and the mineral salt content of the bone tissue, is decisive for strength. The most important bone mineral is calcium. There are 99 percent of the body calcium in the bones, which also serve as calcium storage. When a great number of bone balls recede, cavities form in the tissue - the bones become porous. This causes pain and can lead to spontaneous bone fractures. Vertebral bodies, hips and forearms are particularly at risk. It could also hit any other bone.
It is natural that more bone substance degrades with increasing age. In osteoporosis, however, this process accelerates enormously. Elderly people are more likely to fall faster and often more awkwardly than young people. Particularly fractures in the area of the femoral neck may have very serious consequences.
In our aging society, the timely diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis is therefore very important. This helps to avoid many serious consequences of the disease. Whether osteoporosis is present and how severe it is can be determined by examining certain values in blood and urine and by measuring bone density. Whether a therapy is necessary and how it is designed depends on the results of the examinations.
Even if osteoporosis is primarily a phenomenon of old age: Young people are often also affected. Genetics can also play a strong role in this respect, as well as long-term malnutrition. These include strict avoidance of dairy products or significant underweight.
Risk groups and factors
The main risk groups for osteoporosis are women in menopause, men over 50, heavy smokers, and people with malnutrition, vitamin deficiency and lack of exercise.
Risk factors for osteoporosis are above all an unhealthy lifestyle, a lot of alcohol, genetics, biological age, hormonal status, kidney diseases and the use of certain drugs (e.g. stomach acid inhibitors, cortisone, blood sugar lowering drugs).
Bone density measurement is currently an additional private service and is not covered by the statutory health insurance funds.
Measurement of body fat content (BFC) in Berlin-Zehlendorf
In a separate measurement at RADIOLOGIE-EINS with the DEXA-SCAN we can also measure how the fat is distributed over the body. This is currently the most accurate method on the market for determining body fat. Numerous professional and amateur athletes already use the measurement to keep fit.
As our patient, you are the focus of our attention. We try to make your waiting time as short and your examination as pleasant as possible for you – everyone should feel comfortable with us.Call us – 030-810 037 33